HSK 1 Vocabulary List

To achieve this first level of Chinese language proficiency, you must master basic pronouns, classifiers, nouns, verbs, and other parts of speech. You must also know how to express time, age, money, and numbers using different sentence patterns such as questions, negatives, imperatives, and the like. HSK 1 vocabulary list includes 150 required vocabulary words and phrases. Once you can understand and use these, you will pass HSK level 1, which means you now meet the basic needs for communication and possess the ability to further your Chinese language studies.

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Chinese Pinyin English
Personal Pron.
I, me
我们 wǒmen we, us (pl.)
you
你们 nǐmen you (pl.)
he, him
she, her
他们 tāmen they (male+female / male, pl.)
她们 tāmen they (females, pl.)
Demonstrative Pron.
这 (这儿) zhè ( zhèr) here, this
那 (那儿) nà (nàr) there, that
Interrogative Pron.
哪(哪儿) nǎ (nǎr) where
shéi who
什么 shěnme what, why
多少 duōshǎo how many, how much
a few, how many
怎么 zěnme how
怎么样 zěnmeyàng how about
Numberal
one
èr two
sān three
four
five
liù six
seven
eight
jiǔ nine
shí ten
líng zero
Quantifier
one, a, an
suì year
běn volume
xiē some
kuài piece
Adverb
no
méi no
hěn quite, very
tài too
dōu all
Conjunction
and
Preposition
zài in, at
Auxiliary
de
le
ma
ne
Interjection
wèi hello
Noun
jiā home
学校 xuéxiào school
饭店 fàndiàn restaurant
商店 shāngdiàn store
医院 yīyuàn hospital
火车站 huǒchēzhàn train station
中国 zhōngguò China
北京 běijīng Beijing
shàng up
xià down
前面 qiánmiàn front
后面 hòumiàn behind
lǐmiàn inside
今天 jīntiān today
明天 míngtiān tomorrow
昨天 zuòtiān yesterday
上午 shàngwǔ morning
中午 zhōngwǔ noon
下午 xiàwǔ afternoon
nián year
yuè month
day
星期 xīngqī week
diǎn dot, spot
分钟 fēnzhōng minute
现在 xiànzài now
时候 shíhóu time
爸爸 bàba father
妈妈 māma mother
儿子 érzi son
女儿 nǚér daughter
老师 lǎoshī teacher
学生 xuéshēng student
同学 tóngxué shoolmate
朋友 péngyǒu friend
医生 yīshēng doctor
先生 xiānshēng sir
小姐 xiǎojiě Miss
衣服 yīfu cloth
shuǐ water
cài vegetable
米饭 mǐfàn rice
水果 shuǐguǒ fruit
苹果 píngguǒ apple
chá tea
杯子 bēizi cup
qián money
飞机 fēijī airplane
出租车 chūzūchē taxi
电视 diànshì television
电脑 diànnǎo computer
电影 diànyǐng movie
天气 tiānqì weather
māo cat
gǒu dog
东西 dōngxī thing
rén person
名字 míngzi name
shū book
汉语 hànyǔ mandarin Chinese
character
桌子 zhuōzi desk
椅子 yǐzi chair
Verb
谢谢 xièxie thank
不客气 búkèqì you are welcome
再见 zàijiàn good-bye
qǐng please
对不起 duìbùqǐ sorry
没关系 méiguānxì It doesn’t matter
shì be (am, is, are)
yǒu have
kàn look
tīng listen
说话 shuōhuà speak
read
xiě write
看见 kànjiàn see
jiào call
lái come
huí return
go
chī eat
drink
睡觉 shuìjiào sleep
打电话 dǎdiànhuà call up
zuò do
mǎi buy
kāi open
zuò sit
zhù live
学习 xuéxí study
工作 gōngzuò work
下雨 xiàyǔ rain
ài love
喜欢 xǐhuān love, like
xiǎng want
认识 rènshi know
huì can
néng can, be able to
Adjective
hǎo good
big
xiǎo small
duō many, much
shǎo few, little
lěng cold
hot
高兴 gāoxìng happy
漂亮 piàoliàng beautiful

  • Gabriel Grancieri Caetano

    Hey! There’s a typo in the word 同学 – tóngxué, it’s written as shoolmate instead of schoolmate! Thanks for the material, its amazing :)

  • Jasiek Mateusz

    饭馆 pinyin is fànguǎn, not fàndiàn (that would be 饭店).

  • Sara

    是 should be on 4th tone instead of the 2nd

    • thanks for your reminder. we correct it on pdf and forgot here. Now updated it.

  • Peter Liu

    Download here also free HSK 1 Flashcards to start mastering HSK 1 Chinese language: https://www.allbusinesstemplates.com/template/LK3AV/free-chinese-pdf-flashcard-hsk-1/