what’s the difference between 由 and 被?

Updated on September 28, 2014 in No Category
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由 is used to emphasize the people who should be responsible for something and purposiveness is very strong.

被 is used to emphasize to what results some actions done by somebody lead and purposiveness is not strong.


a. 水果由我来买。

b. 由我来买水果。

c. 杯子被他打碎了。

d. 自行车被人偷走了。


Sentence a&b mainly indicate it’s “ 我” that is responsible for buying the fruits instead any other people. The person who should do this job is arranged on purpose so the purposiveness is very strong.


Sentence c mainly tells the glasses was broken and sentence d tells the bicycle was stolen. The result is broken and stolen. As for who broke the glasses and who stole the bicycle is not important. 

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